This week, the nation celebrated its 47th Victory Day to pay tribute to martyrs who made the ultimate sacrifice for our country.

Bijoy Dibosh is celebrated nationwide and worldwide in various Bangladeshi communities because of its national prominence. This war happens to be one of the most violent wars of the 20th century as the nation witnessed multiple acts of brutality in a large scale.

The war which lasted for nine months after the declaration of Independence by the Father of the Nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, finally came to an end on this day in 1971 when Pakistani Army Commander Lieutenant General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi and 93,000 troops surrendered to the commander of the joint forces of the Indian Military and the Mukti Bahini, Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, by signing the official documents of surrender. The Pakistan Army laid down their weapons at Ramna Race Course (now known as Suhrawardy Uddyan) in Dhaka which is recognized as the site of the public speech given by Bangabandhu.

Every year, various kinds of events are held as a means of celebrating this day and paying homage to those who gave up their lives for the country. Different socio-cultural institutes, educational institutes and political parties participate in different programs to mark this day.

The Victory Day program usually begins with a 31 gun salute at the National Parade Square. Later on, the Armed Forces put on various displays. The national flag is hoisted in governmental, non-governmental and even in residential homes as an act of respect and remembrance while people from all strata make meaningful contributions, directly or indirectly. Usually after morning time, the National Martyrs’ Memorial (Jatiyo Smrity Shoudho) is open for public visitors. Moreover, national TV channels broadcast special programs created solely for this day, special prayers are offered in different houses of worship, and special menus are served in hospitals, orphanages and prisons. Indigent children are taken to visit children’s parks and recreational centers; that too, free of cost.

Last year, Victory Day was celebrated in a more elaborate manner because UNESCO included the 7th March speech by Bangabandhu in the International Memory of the World Register.

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